The Brain and Learning. “Inside the Learning Brain”, by Nick Dam, discusses how cognitive neuroscience looks at how the brain learns, stores, and uses the information it acquires. The brain allows us to constantly acclimate to our shifting environment. New brain cell connections parlay into new knowledge – the business of learning is actually a physical process. When changes occur in neural connections, the result is learning experiences. Neural growth factor chemicals aid in the strength and creation of the neural connections (Dam, 2013).
Information Processing Theory. “Information Processing Theory: Classroom Applications”, by John R. Slate and John R. Charlesworth, Jr., maintain that cognitive psychologists have obtained an increased understanding of how humans think and human memory. The information processing model of human memory is a theoretical framework in constant development. Slate and Charlesworth contend that the human mind is similar to a computer in the manner in which information is processed. They argue that improving the teaching-learning process could be improved by studying this information processing model (Slate & Charlesworth, 1988).
Problem-solving Methods. Problem-solving is a mental process. We as humans experience this process to identify, analyze and resolve problems. There are many steps to the problem-solving identification process: discovery, decision, understand, research and actions to take. Understanding the problem first off is critical to resolution.
- Trial and Error: This method engages in evaluating different answers and then determining if they work or not.
- Insight: This method works on comparing similarities to other problems that may have been experienced in the past.
- Heuristics: For starters, heuristics do not necessarily guarantee a correct solution, however; complex problems can be simplified to avail a more manageable set of solutions to evaluate.
- Algorithms: Using algorithms, the mathematical formula is a step-by-step process and generally provides positive results (Cherry, 2018).
Dam, N. (2013). Inside the learning brain. Association for Talent Development. Retrieved 8 November 2018. https://www.td.org/magazines/td-magazine/inside-the-learning-brain
Slate, J. R. & Charlesworth, J. R., Jr. (1988). Information Processing Theory: Classroom Applications. ERIC.ED.GOV. Retrieved 8 November 2018 from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED293792.pdf
Cherry, K. (2018). Problem-solving strategies and obstacles. Very Well Mind. Retrieved 10 November 2018 from https://www.verywellmind.com/problem-solving-2795008